(Reuters) – Unemployment rates have risen and employment has dropped in all 50 states of the United States and the District of Columbia in April as efforts to include pilonavirus pandemic businesses shut down nationwide, the Labor Department said Friday.
FILE PHOTO: People who have lost their jobs can be found at the door of an Arkansas Workforce Center as they wait in line to file for unemployment following the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in Fort Smith, Arkansas, US April 6, 2020. REUTERS / Nick Oxford – / Photo Photo / File Photo
The department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics said 43 states set a record high rate of unemployment last month, with the highest number of people in Nevada, the state with the highest expectation of hard-hit service in the food and hospitality industry. Nevada’s unemployment rate has surged 21.3 percentage points from March to 28.2%, which is nearly double the national rate of 14.7% in April.
The monthly breakdown of the non-hazardous levels of work and unemployment, published two weeks after the national payroll report, painted a picture of widespread but non-uniform destruction caused by the spread of COVID-19, the disease in breathing triggered by the novel coronavirus.
The May 8 payroll report showed a record 20.5 million jobs were lost in April, the sharp plunge in employment in the United States since the Great Depression.
Friday’s report indicates more than a quarter of job losses are concentrated in three of the largest states in the United States: California, which has fallen 2.3 million jobs; New York, which saw the largest number of US and COVID-19 cases and died and lost 1.8 million positions; and Texas, which suffered a double blow from falling oil prices and lost 1.3 million jobs.
In Nevada, the home of global gambling in Las Vegas, half of the nearly 245,000 jobs lost in April were in the leisure and hospitality sectors. That industry suffered the most losses nationwide from travel cuts and widespread closure of restaurants in the month-long period when stay-at-home orders were widely expanded.
Losses in the leisure and hospitality sectors brought major duty to Hawaii, which is one of only three states with an unemployment rate above 20% – Nevada and Michigan are the other two . The Pacific island state lost more than 55% of leisure and hospitality jobs last month, accounting for 57% of all jobs lost during that time.
In Michigan, more than one in every five jobs is eliminated, albeit temporarily. The leisure and hospitality sectors were at the forefront of the declines, but a quarter of the state’s losses came in the construction and construction sectors.
FACTS IN INJECTION
Layoffs persisted in May even though all 50 states reopened businesses to one degree or another. On Thursday, BLS reported more than 2.4 million people filed for unemployment benefits for the first time last week and those who continue to receive unpaid work payments topped 25 million in the week ending May 9th.
That data suggests the worst may not be over for the poorest states like Nevada, Hawaii and Michigan. The number of continued claims rose to all three, including a 31% week-over-week increase in Hawaii.
Economists believe that progress in driving down infection rates is a key factor behind the success of the state’s re-effort.
On the face of it, at least, both Hawaii and Nevada appear to be the leaders, and they are among eight states that have shown three straight weeks of decline in the 7-day average of new cases. Michigan is among 20 states that have seen declines in two of the last three weeks.
Reporting by Dan Burns; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama, Andrea Ricci and Paul Simao