The Nasa, US space agency, has renamed the road in front of its headquarters Hidden Figures Way, which honors the black female mathematicians who refuse racial segregation to play an important part in her most important mission.
The dedication honors the African American mathematicians Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan and Mary Jackson, featured in the Margot Lee Shetterly's 2016 book Hidden Figures and the subsequent film Teodore Melfi teaches.
Together with family members of every woman on Wednesday with Ted Cruz, chairman of the Senate subcommittee on aviation and space, Jim Bridenstine, the Administrator and Christine Darden, one of the "computers" of Already in the Apollo period. New street signs have been launched outside of Nasa's E Street offices in Washington.
Nasa is preparing to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Apollo next month 11 missions and first moon landing. All 12 people walking on the moon are white American men.
Cruz, trying to change the name after seeing the movie with his mother, wife and daughter, to the Guardian: "I think it's important to recognize all human contributions. men of all races and ethnic lines contributed to this incredible journey and I also think it is also very important that we send the message to girls and young men without any limit on what they can "
Cruz, whose mother was a Smithsonian Institution in the 1950s, added:" The extraordinary achievements of Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson and Dr. Christine Darden, are with us now , before the book and the movie did not say. Very few people know those stories, and yet stories that can and can inspire and we must tell the stories such as more often. "
The adaptation of the Hidden Figures movie, starring Janelle Monáe, Taraji P Henson and Octavia Spencer and received three Oscar nominations, showed the African American women's struggle for equality in NASA at the time of Jim Crow's laws.
In the 1950s, mathematicians were known as "computers" and African Americans were known as "computer colors". Americans American Americans in Nasa's computing pool are separated from their white companions even though they calculate the trajectories for missions that include Alan Shepard, the first American in space, and John Glenn, the first American in the orbit of the Earth.
year by both US Senate and Washington DC council. Local law was granted unanimously in December. In February, Nasa was renamed Nasa a facility in Fairmont, West Virginia, after Johnson, now 100 years old. In 2015, Barack Obama awarded him the presidential medal of liberty, the highest honor of American civilians.