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How 1MDB got Najib Razak



The son and nephew of former prime ministers, the descendants of the Malay elite and leader of all the powerful United Malays National Organization (UMNO), who overthrew Malaysia's politics because of the independence of the country, the collapse of Najib is as big as the measure of corruption he accused.

After a short time as an executive in a state-run Petronas state oil company, Najib entered politics in just 23, taking the Pekan parliamentary seat occupied by his father after the death of the old male in 1976. He is rapidly rising in the ranks of UMNO, the largest party in Barisan Nasional coalition established by Abdul. Between 1976 and 1999, Najib has financial, cultural, educational and defense portfolios, which oversees the latter's role of a significant investment and modernization of Malaysian armed forces.
Najib proved to have proven an excellent electoral operator, winning major 23,000 and 26,000 in 2004 and 2008 according to one of Malaysia's highest margins. In 2009, he succeeded Abdullah Ahmad Badawi as both UMNO leader and prime minister. While Umno succeeded in appealing to ethnic Malays, at the expense of Chinese and Indian voters, Najib emphasized a "multiracial, multi-religious" country under the banner of 1
Malaysia.

An important part of this approach is the 1Malaysia Development (1MDB) sovereign wealth fund, which Najib said and others would be the instrument of "pushing Malaysia into a developed nation."

However, according to prosecutors in Malaysia, the US and Singapore, 1MDB has become a slush fund for executives including Najib, which is supposed to have been used to pay for greater life expansion his wife and his wife as well as for voting projects in parts of the country where UMNO's supporters flagged.

Scoops and scandals

In early 2015, publishers began to report from the Sarawak Report and Wall Street Journal that millions of dollars were siphoned from the fund after taking the a series of leaked documents.

At the outset, it seems that the scandal could end Najib's end, as opponents – and even some within his party – asked for an investigation and asked him to resign.

Behind the scenes, there are attempts to break the scandal. Xavier Justo, a former PetroSaudi employee linked to 1MDB, allegedly trying to sharpen the company with stolen documents before being attacked by publishers, was arrested in Thailand.

Dealing with years in a prison in Thailand, Justo is forced to take Sarawak Report and The Edge, a newspaper in Malaysia leading the story inside the country, by fabricating and treating leaked document.

Although Najib rejected any sin, the negative stories continued, and in July of that year he took Facebook to defend himself.

"Let me be very clear: I do not get funds for personal gain as claimed by my political opponents – either from 1MDB, SRC International or other entities, such as companies that are confirmed that, "she wrote. "It is clear now that false charges like these are part of a joint political saboteur campaign to curb a democratically elected Prime Minister."

Clare Rewcastle-Brown, of the Sarawak Report, said Malaysia fought for decades of corruption and entrenched privileges – but all of this was "under control under Najib."

"

Autocratic turn

In mid-2015, Attorney General Abdul Gani Patail told the police that investigators had enough information to prepare a charge against Najib.
, Abdul Gani removed from his position for "health reasons" and replaced by an ally of Najib who would eventually purge the Prime Minister of the offense. Senior police and government officials involved in the investigation or critical of
After Rewcastle-Brown recorded a paper bill and published it, Malaysia issued a warrant for his arrest. The reporter was accused of committing a "harmful to the parliamentary democracy ".

" They thought that when I came out of the story originally in the beginning of 2015 they could have it, "says Rewcastle-Brown." I created them in this kind of a huge machine of fake documents and everything else. "

While he was safe in the UK, Malaysian publishers were much weaker. Edge publisher Ho Kay Tat has been arrested on sedition charges, and now the authorities have been transferred to suspend the license statement in the newspaper in full.
To invade anti-government protesters, the yellow dress with the slogan "Bersih" – the word "clean" used as the name for the protests – was banned.

However while he may be able to promote anger in the streets, Najib estimates the failures that gush into the Malaysian state. According to Tom Wright and Bradley Hope, who reported the case for the Wall Street Journal and wrote the book "Billion Dollar Whale: Man Who Fooled Wall Street, Hollywood, and the World," some officials fear Najib to remove the scandal.

"In the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, which recommended the arrest of the prime minister, there was a fundamental rage in the possession of their investigation," writes Wright and Hope. "And so, some investigators began secretly feeding information to the FBI."

In July 2016, the United States Department of Justice raised Malaysia by filing a suit to recover more than $ 1 billion of assets it claims to have been embezzled from 1MDB.

This is "the point of no return (for Najib), though it is unlikely that he did not see it," said Rewcastle-Brown.

Like US prosecutors who have shaped assets and witnesses, 1MDB has fallen under the weight of its massive borrowing. While Najib tried to win back on Donald Trump's election, the American leader in Washington in late 2017, did not stop pursuing his Court of Justice.
Najib, who has long been courted to Washington as a major ally, is now turning to China. Chinese companies have agreed to assist in the defense of 1MDB, giving it a temporary restriction, although some of the deals have fallen shortly.

Election shock

Despite negative headlines, lawsuits and alleged irregularities, Najib counts as Malaysia has entered the 2018 elections.

the opposition of the country never won an election. The most dynamic politician, Anwar Ibrahim, is in prison for sodomy, and while different parties have set up a coalition led by former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamed, he is 92 – and has questionable history of itself.
The Malaysian electoral map is also very much in favor of Najib, with some estimates saying that his Barisan Nasional coalition could win a parliamentary party with less than 20% of the popular vote.
Moreover, the government introduced a new law that claims to break "fake news" that critics say is an attempt to criminalize Najib's criticism. A few weeks before the poll, Mahathir's party was abolished due to allegedly missing paperwork and was faced under a new "fake news" law.

"Malaysia is on the brink of major disasters," says Rewcastle-Brown. "He runs the country's economy and hands, replacing the area with a dictatorship, if he won that election is the proof he is looking for."

But he added that while "no one thinks that this powerful application in the country can be left out (the 2018 elections) is the only chance of Malaysians."

Over 76% of the 14.3 million eligible voters in the country came out, with Mahathir's coalition coalition taking 121 to 222 seats. Najib's Barisan Nasional won only 79.

"We did not expect that the wave of change was … so convincing that it (Najib) recognized it and stopped," Anwar told CNN that months after the election.

  A student activist holds a deadly cartoon of Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak behind the mock bars in protest at a financial scandal involving state funds, 1MDB, in Kuala Lumpur on August 27, 2016.

Downfall

During the days of the spectacular loss of elections, Najib and his wife were prevented from leaving the country. Police soon attacked their possessions and earned millions of dollars in luxury goods allegedly linked to 1MDB funds.
In July 2018 – three years after the first story of 1MDB – Najib was charged with four counts of corruption. The charging sheet was expanded later to cover dozens of other alleged crimes.
Her husband, Rosmah Mansour, whose excessive spending with funds allegedly embezzled from 1MDB helped burn public outbursts.

And this week, as Najib welcomes his accusers, many Malaysians hope to expel the country's former reputation and change to an open democracy governed by the rule of law.

"I think the key people responsible should be accountable," Anwar said. "You must accept the new regime of transparency and good governance, or go out."


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