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Illegal gas reducing ozone monitoring stations in eastern China



Southeast China's industries are releasing large quantities of a gas-depleting gas in the environment that violates an international agreement, says global scientists.

And it slows the rate of recovery for holes in the important ozone layer.

The ozone layer is a region of the Earth's stratosphere that acts as a shield and absorbs most of the ultraviolet (UV) radiation of the sun.

  In a cloudy morning, the chimney of the chemical factory releases a smoke in the sky in the suburb surrounding the Shandong district. Photo / Getty Images
In a dark morning, the chimney of the chemistry factory is releasing smoke in the sky outside the city surrounding the Shandong district. Photo / Getty Images

So when scientists discovered in 1985 that it had holes in Antarctica and Australia, it was very difficult. After that, we gathered and forbidding the use of harmful gases that depleted Earth protection in the 1987 Montreal Protocol and ever since it has been more or less a slow recovery ever since.

China is a sign of the Montreal Protocol but it looks like the country is not keeping the bargain ending.

Since annual annual emissions from North China's a prohibited chemical called CFC-11 increased by nearly 7000 tonnes, researchers reported one night in the journal Nature-peer reviewed.

"Increasing accounts for a large fraction (at least 40 to 60 percent) of the global increase in CFC-11 emissions," they wrote.

Before it was phase out CFC-11, or Chlorofluorocarbon-11, was widely used in the 1970s and 1980s as a refrigerant and made foam insulation. Chemical is a major cause of ozone depletion.

Since the ban, the concentration of chemicals in the atmosphere has continued to decline but last year scientists have been surprised to find that the fall of that fall dropped by half from 2013 to 2017. Because the chemical is not In nature, this change can only be made by new emissions.

Using high frequency atmospheric observations from Gosan, South Korea, and Hateruma, Japan, along with global monitoring data and atmospheric chemical transport model researchers are exploring the likely culprit and pointing the finger to the east China.

Last year's reports from the Environmental Investigation Agency established China's foam factories in the coastal province of Shandong and in the province of Hebei, which surrounds Beijing. ] Suspensions are strengthened when authorities detained some of these facilities without explanation.

Paul Fraser, an honorary fellow at CSIRO's Climate Science Center of Australia and co-author of the paper said while eastern China has about half the increase in CFC-11, international scientists have no technology to track large parts of rest

Other scientists include, he presented data last year to Chinese authorities and promoted action to reduce damage made by emissions.

"They are alarmed, obviously I think … that they should face this issue," he told ABC radio this morning.

Yet, he has not yet seen or heard any indication that China has already begun the development of responsible responsible factories.

Because scientists have noticed the rise in chemicals in the early environment, "this gives us a good chance to make sure they do not make much damage," he said.

But pouring more CFC-11s can also prevent air from ozone from returning to normal levels, Scientists are warning.

"If the emissions do not go down, it will remove the Antarctic ozone hole recovery, perhaps in decades," said Mr. Fraser.


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