A prominent Hong Kong protester made his first public appearance in 14 months, telling the media that he was being held in mainland China.
Alexandra Wong, 64, was nicknamed “Lola Wong” and was often seen waving the British flag at protests.
He said he was detained in August on the border of Shenzhen city and was forced to give up his writing activism.
Ms Wong said she was also sent on a “patriotic journey” of Shaanxi province.
While there, he had to sing the national anthem and photograph the Chinese flag. He was later released on bail, he said, but was barred from returning to Hong Kong.
Protests against the government last year began in June 2019 about plans to allow extradition to mainland China, but eventually became a broader movement demanding full democracy.
Hong Kong was a British colony until 1997, but was later returned to Chinese control under the principle of “one country, two systems”. While it is part of technical China, the territory has its own legal system and borders, and the rights including freedom of assembly and free speech are protected.
Speaking at an emotional press conference in Hong Kong on Saturday, Ms Wong said she had previously been detained by Shenzhen authorities for 45 days, for “administrative detention” and “criminal detention”. However, he was not told what charges he was facing.
“I was scared to death at that detention center,” he said.
At the end of 45 days he was told to declare to the camera that he had not been tortured, he said, and that he would not object or interview the media.
He was also forced to admit in writing that his activism was wrong – something he described as “the worst thing I have ever done in my life”.
He was later sent to Shaanxi province, in northeastern China, before being released on bail pending trial on “dispute selection and provocation”
He was not given any written documentation of these charges.
Within a year of his release on bail, he was only allowed to return to Shenzhen, the border city where he lived, and was forbidden to go to Hong Kong.
These conditions expired last month.
Ms Wong told reporters she did not have the “courage” to return to Shenzhen “unless there was a radical change in the political situation”.
“I will not give up on fighting,” he added. “After all, there will be sacrifices, otherwise … the authoritarian system will not change.”
He also called for the release of 12 Hong Kong activists, believed to have fled to Taiwan, who were blocked at sea by mainland authorities in August.
Hong Kong saw a wave of arrests of activists earlier this year under a controversial national security law imposed by China in June.
Security law, opposed by many in Hong Kong, punishes Beijing’s broadly defined as subversion, isolation, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces, up to life imprisonment.