ADELAIDE, Australia – It's no secret that regular fast food is probably not the best diet decision in the world. Now, a new study outside Australia shows a connection between the number of fast-food restaurants in a town or city and the number of people suffering from heart attacks.
The findings, presented recently at the annual Conference of the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ), say that areas containing a higher number of fast food restaurants are reporting a higher rate of heart attacks. According to researchers, for every additional fast food restaurant opened in the New South Wales area, there are four more heart attacks reported every 1,000 people annually.
"The findings are consistent throughout the rural and metropolitan area of New South Wales and after adjustment. For age, obesity, high blood lipid, high blood pressure, status in smoking, and diabetes. The results emphasize the importance of the food environment as a potential contributor to health, "study author Tarunpreet Saluja explained in a release by the European Society of Cardiology.
Saluja would say that despite the common knowledge that fast food is unhealthy, both consumption and availability continue to rise on a global scale.
The study consisted of 3,070 patients admitted to Australian hospitals with a heart attack between 2011-2013. Each patient's home address is on file, so researchers have been able to look at the number of fast-food chains that are readily available in each of their neighborhoods. The total number of restaurants in each area was recorded and compared against each other to determine the relationship between fast-food restaurant diets and frequency of heart attacks. ORG BY EMAIL!
"Previous studies have shown that poor nutrition, high salt and saturated fats in fast foods are linked to heart disease, but the role of obesity access to restaurants is less clear, ”Saluja said.
Researchers hope their findings encourage a more vigorous debate surrounding the role of fast food access to the impact of the industry on the health of the general population. health and diet of a person. That said, the researchers also emphasized that policy makers need to be aware of the risks associated with multiple fast food chains in one place.
"This is an important paper documenting the link between fast food and cardiac events, independent of risk factors. It is important to explore whether this association is independent of social determinants of disease, as it is known We find that fast-food outlets are often more common in poorer areas. However, the findings are a reminder that major drivers of cardiovascular disease burden can be altered by policy changes The fact that appropriate policy measures have not been obtained, despite the cost of cardiovascular disease, remains a mystery in Australia as elsewhere in the world, ”commented Professor Tom Marwick, Chair of CSANZ 2019 Scientific Program Committee.
The study was presented at The 67th Annual Regional Science of the Cardiac Society of Australia and New New Zealand.