By Brian Lada AccuWeather meteorologist and staff writer
December 26, 2018, 8:37:23 EST
The new year will bring some exceptional astronomical events to be seen by many throughout the United States, including a rare celestial alignment Winners will not happen until 2030.
In addition to major events, 2019 also features three supermoons, a blue moon, numerous shower meteors and dozens of rocket launches from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Here are the top five astronomical events of 2019 to mark your calendar:
January. 20-21: The super moon moon eclipse of glow red in the United States
The most viewed astronomical event of the year will take place in mid-January while the moon turns red during the total eclipse of the month. This will be the only total lunar eclipse of the year and it will be visible in the sky of all North America and South America, as well as parts of Europe and Africa, on the night of January 20 in the early days of January 21.
As the moon moves through the shadow of the Earth, it gradually turns orange rust into deep red color, it earns the nickname of a & # 39; month of blood. & # 39;
A rare celestial event as a & # 39; Super Blue Blood Moon & # 39; is visible at Santa Monica Beach in Santa Monica, Calf., Wednesday, January 31, 2018. (AP Photo / Ringo HW Chiu)
The entire eclipse, lasts between 9:36 pm EST and 2: 48 am EST. However, the total stage when the moon appears red lasts only a little over an hour, between 11:41 p.m. EST and 12:43 of EST.
This will be the last total lunar eclipse found anywhere in the world until May 26, 2021.
May 6-7: Halley's Comet to spark Eta Meteor shower meteor [ One of the best meteor shower in 2019 is scheduled to hit this spring while the views of Eta Aquarids outwit the spectators around the world.
"Every spring as Earth passes debris trails from Halley's Comet (1P / Halley), cosmic bits burn our environment and result in the annual shower meteor Eta Aquarid, "says NASA.
This meteor shower favors the Southern Hemisphere with up to 60 meteors per hour, but those in the Northern Hemisphere can still be seen up to 30 meteors per hour on its summit.
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While other shower showers, such as the Geminids of December, carry more meteors every hour, the Eta Aquarids will be one of the few shower this year that has fallen during the new moon.
Minimum Meteor shower during the new moon due to low amount of natural light pollution. It makes it easier to see dimmer meteors that are not visible in a clear full moon.
"The meteors of Eta Aquarid are known at their speed.The meteors travel rapidly at roughly 148,000 mph (66 km / s) in Earth's atmosphere. Rapid meteors can leave a glistening "train" (bright bits of debris after meteor) that lasts several seconds to minutes, "NASA said.
The first eclipse eclipse since Great Britain Eclipse of 2017 will take place this July, bringing the day to night throughout South America.
Most of the eclipse will occur in the waterless Pacific Ocean area; however, it will be seen in a sliver of Chile and Argentina.
In this tiny place, called the sum of the sum, the moon completely detonates the sun. The rest of South America can expect a slight solar eclipse.
A total solar eclipse blocked the sun in Tennessee on August 21, 2017. (AccuWeather Photo / Brian Pepper)
the total solar eclipse will not occur until December 14, 2020, but also in parts of Chile and Argentina.
Aug. 12-13: Persecution to impress summer stargazers
Each year, stargazers feature the Perseid meteor shower on their calendars, which have increased this year on the night of August 12 until the morning of August 13.  "Perseid meteor shower is often regarded as one of the best shower meteors of the year due to its high rate and favorable summer temperatures," NASA said.
This year would not be the best show for These perseids dropped before the full moon, however, meteors associated with Perseids are usually brighter than meteors from other showers meteor. This means that even in the light of almost the whole month, spectators should still see many shooting
"You do not need any special equipment to view Perseids – just your eyes (note that telescopes or binoculars are not recommended), "says NASA.
November 11: Mercury to track throughout the face of the Sun
A rare pla Netary alignment will take place on November 11 and will be visible worldwide, but only for those who have the right equipment.
Mercury is usually a poor planet to find in the sky because it is near the sun, but in November it is directly passed between Earth and the Sun, which appears as a small black dot over Day.
This event, known as a transit, does not often occur. Recently, a Mercury transit occurred on May 9, 2016, and it will not happen again until November 13, 2032.
The composite image of NASA observations and the ESA & # 39 ; s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory shows the path of Mercury during its November 2006 transit. (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory / NASA / ESA by AP)
It is very important that people use a solar filter to view the Sun to see this transit, since viewing the Sun without proper protection can be caused by permanent damage to the eye.  People with solar glass shades remaining from Great American Eclipse in 2017 can use them to see exceptional circumstances, but if they are still not damaged
"If the filters are not scratched, punctured, or ragged, you can re-use them uncertainly. Some glasses / viewers are printed with warnings saying you should not look at them more than 3 minutes at a time and you must dispose of them if they are over three years old. Such warnings are outdated and are not applicable to eclipse viewers in accordance with the standard ISO 12312-2 adopted in 2015, "according to NASA .
Anyone who does not have a pair of solar glass glasses can order them online from a list of reputable vendors and must order them weeks or months ahead of time, as may be They are hard to buy while the event is near.