Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ The archaeologist said that the 3,000-year-old clay head was the face of God

The archaeologist said that the 3,000-year-old clay head was the face of God



A handful of 3000-year-old ‘male’ clay heads not disturbed in Israel may reveal the very first description of God’s face.

The figurines are carved next to small horse statues and represent a bearded man with a beaded head, dazzling features, ear piercings for jewelry and leading to a crown.

The controversial claim came from professor Yosef Garfinkel, who referred to the biblical scriptures about God riding a horse to add weight to this theory.

However, Garfinkel’s idea was rejected by a number of archaeologists who argued that the creation of ‘anything in heaven above’ was forbidden during this period.

A handful of 3000-year-old 'male' clay heads not erased from Israel may reveal the very first description of God's face

A handful of 3000-year-old ‘male’ clay heads not erased from Israel may reveal the very first description of God’s face

Garfinkle, a professor at the Hebrew University, bases this on the fact that all three figurines dated from between the 9th and 10th centuries, were found near horse statues and in place of worship.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two others last year.

Following the news from Tel Motza, Garfinkle began to wonder if the clay heads were related, was it a god and if so, which one?

And he looked in the book of Habakkuk and Psalms to find the answers.

The figurines are excavated next to the small statue of the horse and represent a bearded man with a beaded head, dazzling features, ear piercings for jewelry and leading to a crown

The figurines are excavated next to the small statue of the horse and represent a bearded man with a beaded head, dazzling features, ear piercings for jewelry and leading to a crown

Garfinkle, a professor at the Hebrew University, bases this on the fact that all three figurines dated from between the 9th and 10th centuries, were found near horse statues and in place of worship

Garfinkle, a professor at the Hebrew University, bases this on the fact that all three figurines dated from between the 9th and 10th centuries, were found near horse statues and in place of worship

Habakkuk 3: 8 reads: ‘Have you resented the rivers, O Jehovah? Are you angry with the rivers? Were you angry against the sea when you rode your horses and your chariots to succeed? ‘

The second example he found was shown in Psalm 68: 4, which says’ Sing to God, sing praises to his name; raise a song to him to ride in the clouds. ‘

‘Some biblical traditions, then, describe Yahweh as a rider in the sky or clouds, as in Ugarit. But some texts show a new development in which he rides a horse, ‘Garfinkle shared in an article in the BAS Library.

Other clay heads found at Tel Motza were taken from a temple near Jerusalem and because of biblical instructions that forbade these images, the team suggested that the place was used to worship various different gods – ‘not only Yahweh.’

A head was discovered a decade ago at Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago at Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago at Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza where Shua Kisilevitz (right) and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago at Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza where Shua Kisilevitz (right) and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits wrote: ‘Unfortunately, this article is purely sensationalism which refers to popularity, money generation, demand, the unfolding of an unfounded and (at best) temporary identity as fact while he ignores the existence professional research and study, including avoidance of reference in any of the excavator publications. ‘

Garfinkel points out that the Bible is very clear on the prohibition against physical representations of god.

Neighboring communities have in fact prayed to many gods, but ‘the Kingdom of Judah is a strange story and based on two concepts – with only one god and not many, and that you should not make a law, a picture of it, ‘he shared.

About 3,000 years ago there were worshipers of Yahweh and then there was God the storm of Canaan.

‘The Canaanites,’ writes Garfinkel ‘do not describe a male god on a horse.

‘Only in Iron Age texts and iconography did the horse become a sacred animal companion.’

‘Thus, the iconographic elements of the figurines correspond to the descriptions of Yahweh in biblical tradition.’

He also argued that the prohibition on the creation of images of Yahweh was not enforced until the 10th century, when clay heads were used.

Garfinkle received widespread criticism of his claims but said: ‘As with every discovery, some will be accepted and some will refuse.’

The controversial claim came from professor Yosef Garfinkel, who referred to the biblical scriptures about God riding a horse to add weight to this theory

However, Shua Kisilevitz denied the claim that the mention of people was prohibited from creating images of God during this period.

The controversial claim came from professor Yosef Garfinkel (left), who referred to the Bible scriptures of God riding a horse to add weight to this theory. However, Shua Kisilevitz (right) denies the claim that the mention of people was forbidden to create images of God during this period.

Kisilevitz and Lipschits denied his claims, although they agreed that the numbers were used for worship – the team described them as ‘human figures.’

Although we cannot rule out the possibility that human heads from Motza and Qeiyafa depict gods, they do not have marks, symbols or attributes (such as horns, crescents, bulls), found in figures and visual representations throughout the ancient Near East, recognizing them as sacred figures. ‘

‘Moreover, when the gods are depicted as animals, they do not sit (they do not need transportation) – they stand!’ they wrote.


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