An image of a spectacular butter-shaped bubble in the Milky Way was captured by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescope.
The remarkable planetary nebula, known as NGC 2899, appears to be floating and falling across the sky in this pristine image from ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile.
A planetary nerve is created when a star runs out of fuel to burn and blow the outer layers of gas into space.
NGC 2899 has not yet captured such detail, exposing the faint outer edges of an expanding gas shell that glows with stars in the background.
The blue parts of the ‘butterfly’, located up to 6,500 light-years away, are made up of oxygen gas, while the surrounding reddish tinge on the side is hydrogen.
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The highly detailed image of the NGC 2899 planetary nebula was obtained using the FORS instrument in ESO’s Very Large Telescope in northern Chile. This item has not been imaging in remarkable detail
‘This thing has never been imaging in such remarkable detail, not even the faint outer edges of the planetary nebula shining with stars in the background,’ the ESO said in a statement.
Despite their name, the planetary nebulae – gas shells and dust ejected from a dying star – have nothing to do with the planets.
They formed when ancient stars with up to six times the mass of our Sun reached the end of their lives, collapsed, and exploded expanding gas shells, rich in heavy elements.
The strong radiation radiation energizes and lightens the moving shells, causing them to shine brightly for thousands of years.
The planet nebulae eventually spread slowly into space, meaning they are relatively short and sparse – there are about 1,500 known in space, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics estimates.
NGC 2899, discovered by English astronomer John Herschel in 1835, is located somewhere between 3,000 and 6,500 light-years away in the Southern constellation of Vela.
The wide gas swathes of NGC 2899 range up to a maximum of two light-years from its center and reach 18,000 degrees Fahrenheit or 10,000 degrees Celsius.
An image of the Omega Nebula, taken by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) with a dusty, pink center
Such a high temperature is due to the large amount of radiation from the parent of the nebula, which causes the hydrogen gas in the nebula to glow in a reddish mixture around the oxygen gas, in blue.
NGC 2899 has two central stars, which are believed to give it an almost symmetrical appearance.
After one star reaches the end of its life and discards its outer layers, another star interferes with the flow of gas, forming a butterfly-shaped shape visible here.
The ESO alone estimates that about 10 to 20 percent of planetary nebulae exhibit this type of bipolar shape.
Astronomers captured this image using FORS (FOcal Reducer and low Spectrograph dispersion) installed on UT1, one of the four 27-foot VLT-making telescopes in Chile.
The high-resolution instrument was one of the first to be installed on the VLT – which began operations in 1998 – and is behind other stunning images.
In 2013, FORS restored an image of a unique green-tinted unique nebula reminiscent of the Slimer ghost from the 1984 film Ghostbusters.
The glowing green planetary nebula IC 1295 surrounding a dim and dying star. It is located about 3300 light-years away from the constellation Scutum (The Shield).
The planetary nebula IC 1295 is said to be surrounded by a dim and dying star located about 3,300 light-years away from the constellation Scutum.
It was also previously shot by The Omega Nebula is about 6,500 light years away from the constellation Sagittarius, with its dusty, pink center.
FORS are used to study in depth the physics behind the formation of complex nebulae planets.
It also contributed to light observations from a gravitational wave source and researched the first known interstellar asteroid.
The asteroid, named ‘Oumheula by its discoveries, is up to a quarter mile (400 meters) long and completely elongated – probably 10 times as wide.
Authentic LARGE TELESCOPE IS A POWER GROUND-BASED CHILD INSTRUMENT
The European Southern Observatory (ESO) has built the strongest telescope ever made in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.
This is called the Extensive Telescope (VLT) and it is widely considered one of the most advanced optical instruments ever produced.
It consists of four telescopes, that is the main mirrors measure 27 feet (8.2 meters) wide.
There are also four movable six-foot (1.8 meter) auxiliary telescopes.
The large telescopes are called Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun.
The European Southern Observatory (ESO) built the strongest telescope made in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile and called it the Extraordinary Telescope (VLT).
The first in the Telescope Unit, ‘Antu’, went into immediate scientific operations on April 1, 1999.
Telescopes can work together to produce a giant ‘interferometer’.
This interferometer allows images to be filtered for any unnecessarily hidden objects and, as a result, astronomers can see details up to 25 times finer than individuals and telescope.
It involves finding the first image of an extrasolar planet as well as tracking individual stars moving around the supermassive black hole in the middle of the Milky Way.
It also noticed the cessation of the most well-known Gamma Ray Burst,