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Italy has already begun easing major restrictions after a two-month closure of the coronavirus. 4.4 million Italians could return to work and some movement restrictions were removed in the first European country to impose a lockdown during the pandemic. (May 4)

AP Domestic

ROME – Italy and the United States are a study of the differences when it comes to the way they deal with the pandemic.

Italy was the first country to hit hard after the virus spread beyond China’s borders and after a few early mistakes, the country took decisive action. Italy’s national lockdown was the first in Europe during the peace period and it was more stringent and lasted longer than other countries. The rules were soon enforced by the police with the power to impose fines.

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Leaders followed the same social distance guidelines as the others, while Italian factories began making fans, masks, and other protective equipment. Whenever a cluster of cases appears, the area is quickly quarantined and the patients are cared for by a free public health system.

Most importantly, the Italians adhered strictly to the rules.

“In Italy, we may have a reputation as a country of unorganized lawbreakers, but the truth is that people tend to follow the advice of their doctors,” said Giovanni Sebastiani, a researcher and member of the National Research Council of Italy. “Our lockdown was long, we just opened up to the measured stages, and almost everyone did what they had to do.”

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Italy, a country with 60 million, is the first in the world to have 200,000 official cases of coronavirus (on April 28) and the first to record 30,000 deaths (May 7). But in late May the rate of daily infections dropped from more than 5,000 to the low triple digit – and for the most part, it remained there until last month.

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Today, as is the case in most European countries, COVID-19 infections in Italy are on the rise again and the country led with 10,000 new infections on Friday, breaking the ever-high daily positive for positive reviews. The World Health Organization warns that the virus is rapidly circulating out of control in Europe and the region has reached a tipping point to contain a second wave of coronavirus.

In recent days, daily infection rates have risen to more than 14,000 in Spain, nearly 20,000 in the UK, and nearly 30,000 in France – all above their peaks from spring. The US has averaged between 50,000-60,000 cases per day since the beginning of October, according to the COVID Tracking Project. The US has nearly 8 million cases and more than 217,000 deaths.

Earlier this month, however, German Chancellor Angela Merkel – Germany the main country in Europe with the most success in limiting the spread of the virus – warned her countrymen against taking vacations to those at risk Europe. But he said there was no problem for them to travel to Italy, where he said the government “acted with prudence.”

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‘Watch unbelief’

Meanwhile, Italians are shaken by news reports from the US The policy of wearing masks, the unequal application and implementation of coronavirus policies from each state, ignoring health guidelines on beaches, parks , and political rallies and the way President Donald Trump. handling his own case of COVID-19 by reducing the severity of the disease is difficult for many Italians to understand.

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“Italians always look up to the United States but what is happening now we are watching in disbelief,” said Flavio Chiapponi, a political scientist at the University of Pavia in northern Italy. “In the earliest days of the pandemic, we learned our lessons through trial and error, so it was very powerful for us.

“We expect other countries to learn from what we have gone through but this has not happened in many countries, including the United States,” Chiapponi said.

Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has promised that the country will not face another national lockdown.

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“We are better prepared now than in March and April,” said Giorgio Palu, a professor emeritus in microbiology at the University of Padova and a former president of the European Virology Society. “Hospitals are ready and testing is more prevalent. We understand what we have in the future.”

Many in Italy believe that inadequate testing in the first weeks has resulted in a massive under-count of cases, meaning rates in March and April will reduce current rates.

This week, the government introduced new restrictions for social events at home, restaurants, school activities, and even weddings. Earlier in the month, a decree was issued requiring the use of masks even outside and away from others. The state of emergency coronavirus first introduced on January 31 has been extended to its one-year anniversary, giving authorities the power to quickly lock out neighborhoods or towns when ordered.

‘We need to keep it’

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People living in Turin, Italy were seen dancing and singing along with Los Mac Rio’s “Macarena” to make the most of home life.

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Most Italians are OK wearing masks, according to a survey released last summer by Imperial College London. Research shows that around 85% of Italians say they are “very” or “extremely” willing to give a mask if advised to do so, the highest rate in the countries surveyed.

As the rate of infection has risen since September the city’s coffee bars and plazas have exploded in the news. But the residents were cautiously optimistic that they had not lost their faith in the government.

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Neighbors in Bella, Italy are getting creative to enjoy one toast with another in social isolation.

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“I think the country’s leadership has sent a clear, unified, consistent message about coronavirus, unlike the home situation,” said Molly Gage, a mother of two who was originally from Pittsburgh but based in Rome for 13 years. “In Italy, the pandemic is being treated like a public health issue, which is what it is. It is difficult for everyone, but one thing that makes it a little easier is knowing that everything that can be done here is being done.”

Alessandra Bernero, an office worker who was ill with COVID-19 for four weeks in March and April, had a similar view.

“When I wake up the first thing I do is check my phone for the latest information on infections and deaths and hospitalization,” he said. “I was more relaxed a few months ago than I am now, but I know we are paying attention and taking the problem seriously. We should keep it until the virus goes away or there is a vaccine.”

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They are known as “the invisibles,” the undocumented migrants of African Africa Italy, who even before the outbreak of the coronavirus went into crisis Italy, barely scraped by day labor, prostitutes, free hairdressers and seasonal hands on the farm. (May 1)

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