You may have read or heard about various reports that taking aspirin daily – yes, a former resident of your grandmother’s medicine cabinet – can have benefits for modern conditions. in health. “Aspirin, or acetylsalicylic acid, is a drug indicated for many different things,” says Kenneth Perry, MD an emergency medicine physician in Charleston, South Carolina. “From fever control to pain control, even heart attack treatment, there seems to be a new clue every few months.” That said, this common daily medication called aspirin is a powerful one, and it can cause some serious side effects in some people. Read on for more about the features and benefits of aspirin, and what it does to take aspirin daily in your body. (And always consult your doctor before starting a new drug or medication regimen.)
Aspirin works by inhibiting prostaglandins, the enzyme that acts as an on-off switch for pain and inflammation. That is why it has been used for fevers and diseases for over a century. Today, it is still often prescribed to treat or prevent health conditions caused by inflammation in the body.
It repeats: Aspirin is a powerful drug, and some people may not tolerate it properly. “Acute use of aspirin can damage the lining of the stomach, causing stomach ulcers and pain,” says Leann Poston, MD. “The risk increases with people over the age of 65, those with a history of stomach ulcers, and those who take blood thinners or drink alcohol.”
If you are sensitive to aspirin, your doctor may recommend taking another NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) instead, such as ibuprofen.
“If you have had a heart attack or stroke, your doctor may want you to take a daily low-dose aspirin to prevent another,” says the American Heart Association. “Aspirin is part of a well-planned treatment plan for patients with a history of heart attack or stroke.” But the AHA says you should not take daily aspirin unless your doctor prescribes it – they can help you evaluate the risks and benefits and determine if the daily aspirin is right for you.
Aspirin is one of the well-known anticoagulants, meaning it makes the blood thinner. It has advantages (such as reducing the risk of a second heart attack or stroke, which is often caused by blood clotting) and risks.
“In case of injury, internal or external platelets are grouped together in place to help blood clot. When you take daily aspirin, this combination will be affected and will lead to a reduction coagulability, says Nikhil Agarwal, MD. ” This can increase your risk for bleeding, especially if you are taking certain other supplements or are on certain medications. “One possible side effect is gastrointestinal bleeding,” he said Barry Gorlitsky, MD.
According to a 2016 meta-analysis published in the journal JAMA Oncology, people who take aspirin for six years or longer have a 19% lower risk of colorectal cancer and a 15% lower risk of gastrointestinal cancer of any kind. Researchers estimate that regular use of aspirin can prevent nearly 11% of colorectal cancers and 8% of gastrointestinal cancers diagnosed in the US each year.
According to Dr. Guy Citrin, ND, daily intake of aspirin can cause tinnitus, which is the perception of noise or ringing in the ears. It usually disappears when the drug is discontinued.
Another possible side effect of daily aspirin use is liver damage, according to Dr. Khawar Siddique ng DOCS Spine + Orthopedics. According to the Cleveland Clinic, one sign of liver damage is jaundice, which is a condition in which the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes turn yellow.
Reye’s syndrome is a rare condition that causes confusion and inflammation in the brain. “The exact cause of Reye’s syndrome is unknown, but it often affects children and adolescents recovering from a viral infection,” he said. the NHS. “In most cases, aspirin is used to treat their symptoms, so aspirin can trigger Reye’s syndrome.” That is why doctors recommend not giving aspirin to children or teenagers for fever or pain.
If someone has epilepsy or in some seizure prevention medications, taking aspirin may affect it. For example, because aspirin is a blood thinner, it can change the amount of medication in the bloodstream. It is best to consult your doctor before using aspirin daily.