Nearly half of elderly Americans have high blood pressure, or hypertension. It is often called "silent killer" because people often have no symptoms and many do not know what they have.
What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure refers to the blood force flowing through your blood vessels, according to the American Heart Association. When your heart breaks, it warms blood throughout the blood vessels of the body. As the blood moves through the body, it pushes against the edges of the blood vessels. The force of that push is blood pressure.
Blood pressure is measured with two numbers: systolic pressure (the highest number) and diastolic pressure (the lowest number). Reading blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg means systolic pressure is 120 and the diastolic pressure is 80.
Systolic refers to pressure in a person's arteries when the heart is witty. Diastolic is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between the beats.
What is the normal range of blood pressure?
Blood pressure numbers below 120/80 mm Hg are considered normal, according to the American Heart Association.
Blood pressure numbers from 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic are considered elevated. People in this range are likely to have high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control the condition.
What is low blood pressure?
Pressure of blood pressure below 90 systolic or less than 60 mm Hg diastolic is generally considered to be low blood pressure, according to the Mayo Clinic. Low blood pressure is also referred to as hypotension.
Without symptoms, low blood pressure is generally not considered to be harmful. When introducing, low blood pressure may be a sign of a serious medical condition. Symptoms may include:
- Dizziness or head injury
- Blurred vision
- Disease removal
- Concentration lack
- Cold, 19659013] Conditions that can cause low blood pressure include pregnancy, heart problems, endocrine problems, dehydration, blood loss, serious infections, severe allergic reactions, and lack of nutrients in your diet.
Pressure above 130/80 mm Hg is considered high blood pressure, or hypertension.
Most of the time, high blood pressure has no clear symptoms. But not neglected, it can damage the blood vessels. The damage can lead to a range of health problems, including:
- heart attack
- heart failure
- Kidney disease or kidney failure
- Vision loss
- Peripheral artery disease
A healthy lifestyle and medications may lower blood pressure. Lifestyle changes include eating a low-salt diet, limiting alcohol, regular exercise, stress management, maintaining healthy weight and smoking cessation. If you make drugs to control your blood pressure, make sure they work well and work with your doctor.
How can I lower my blood pressure immediately for a test?
blood pressure, including lifestyle changes.
But there are things you can do right now.
Make sure your blood pressure is measured under the correct conditions to get the correct reading: You need a quiet room. Do not smoke, drink caffeinated drinks or exercise within 30 minutes before getting the measurement. Also, leave your bladder and still be for at least five minutes before, recommended by the American Heart Association.
Stress hormones indicate blood vessels, which increase blood pressure. To help your body relax quickly, practice deep breath: Sit still in one hand in your stomach and one in your heart. Breathe slowly until you feel your stomach rise, then hold your breath for a little while. Take a deep breath and feel your stomach fall.
Can there be plenty of water that lower blood pressure?
Having a good hydrated – better in water – helps keep the heart tough, according to the American Heart Association. It allows the heart to pump blood more easily through blood vessels.
Can aspirin help decrease blood pressure?
Avoid a daily aspirin unless your doctor prescribes it, advising on the latest guidelines from the American Heart Association. Aspirin may be part of a treatment plan for patients with a history of heart attack or stroke, but its effect on blood pressure is still being studied.
How long will your blood pressure take?
It depends on the situation. High blood pressure can go back to normal quickly after a stressful situation. Drugs that lower blood pressure may start working the same day.
It takes about one to three months for regular exercise to take effect, according to the Mayo Clinic.