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What is the 10 stages of genocide? | News



July 11 is the 24th anniversary of the genocide of Srebrenica, the worst evil in European soil since the Holocaust.

In July 1995, Serb forces systematically killed over 8,000 Bosniak Muslim men and boys in the so-called UN

In the nineties, genocide scholar Gregory H Stanton, examined the stages of genocide, which eventually became his "10 stages of genocide"

Genocide was not made by a small group of individuals, rather than a large number of people and the state all contributing to genocide.

At each step of avoiding steps can stop the situation from deteriorating further, Stanton noted. 1

9659004] Bosnian-Australian anthropologist Hariz Halilovic added a thirteenth stage in particular to the Bosnian case – "trumpalism."

Here's how the 10 stages of Stanton – and eleven Halilovic – related to the genocide of Srebrenica:

S tages 1, 2, 3: Classification, symbolism and discrimination

including the territory of Bosnia, Kosovo, Croatia, Montenegro and other neighboring countries) began in the 19th century, and lived after the death of Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980.

At lower of the Communist unity, the Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Serbian nationalists have seen the mass mobilization of the support of establishing a homogeneous Serbian state.

In the famous Milosevic address to a person in Belgrade in 1989, he presented himself as a Serbian and European savior. The Bosniaks are commonly called Turks, Balije (a slur for a Bosnian Muslim) and are named as terrorists and Islamic "extremists".

Stage 4: Dehumanisation [19659010] Many Serbs dehumanised Bosniaks, about them as little more than the Muslims who posed a threat to the Serbian hegemonist project.

"To mobilize domestic public opinion against Muslims and to justify future actions against them in the eyes of The West, the Serbian leadership requires an image of Islam as a totalitarian, inherently violent , and cultural alien systems in the European soil, "writes Fikret Karcic, professor at the University of Sarajevo, in his role" Distorted Images of Islam: the case of former Yugoslavia. "

" Such a cruel image was given some influential Serbian orientalists, the Orthodox Church, and some historians. "

Stage 5: Organizations

A plan to destroy Bosnia and" completely destroys it according to Vladimir Srebrov, a politician who promotes the SDS party with convicted criminal criminal of Bosnian Serb Radovan Karadzic.

Known as the RAM plan (frame), its purpose is Bosnian carving in a Greater Serbia and a Greater Croatia.

In the plan, officials explained how military artillery, ammunition and equipment are stored in strategic places in Croatia and Bosnia.

A secret police force was planned for the arming and training of local Serbs to create police and paramilitary units in Bosnia.

A document written by special army services including psychological warfare experts, says the most effective way to create The fears and fears in the Bosniak population is by tearing down women, minors age, and even children.

Stage 6: Polarization

Serbian and Bosnian Serb media regularly broadcast polarizing pr

In one case, while Serbia's forces are hiding in Sarajevo under siege, released by state-run Belgrade TV is a false story that deliberately intimates hatred, including the line: "The extremist Muslims came up to the most fearsome way in the world of the tortured people. Last night they gave Serb children in the zoo's lions of the city. "

Reported on the evening news and watched by a couple of million viewers.

Stage 7: Preparation

Organized from Belgrade, Serbia, the weapons were distributed to the Serbian population by trucks throughout 1990 and 1991 in Bosnia.

"Military and military equipment are still being initiated by military helicopters to Serbian military officials. At last, almost no Serbian homes have no automatic guns," according to a UN report from 1994.

"The pretense for delivering the weapon and the protection is that it is necessary for the defense against & # 39; the enemies of the citizen & # 39; – the extremist Muslims."

Stage 8: Persecution

Throughout Bosnia, influential, intellectual Bosniaks are often among the first to be executed, with their names released on death lists.

When Serb soldiers arrived in every town, they killed non-Serbians, often torturing them. Bosniak properties were confiscated.

Many 50,000 Bosniak and Croatian women, girls and children were born in Bosnia from 1992-1995. [19659036] A woman walks to the cemetery in Potocari, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Wednesday, March 20, 2019 [Marko Drobnjakovic/AP]

In Prijedor, a Bosnian western city, Bosniaks are forced to wear white armband to clearly identify and tie white flags at their doors

Around 200,000 people were thrown into concentration camps where they were tortured, satisfied and killed.

Other inhabitants under siege, as in Sarajevo and Mostar, are hungry while targeting snipers and heavy emissions.

] Srebrenica, known as the largest detention camp in the world, was injured for three years, before it fell into the Bosnian Serb forces in July 1995.

Serb troops split men and men aged 12 to 77 from the rest of

Stage 9: Extermination

On July 11 at 16:15 General Ratko Mladic (now a proven criminal war) entered Srebrenica with the Serb forces, including paramilitary units from Serbia, claiming the town for Serbs. Walking through the streets with TV cameras rolling, Mladic announced that there would be "retaliation against the Turks".

Ratko Mladic sentenced to life in prison for genocide

Survivors of escrows escaped at the base of the UN Dutch Battalion only noted that 400 armed peacekeepers could not defend them. Serb forces have acquired a larger resource of the former Yugoslav army, the fourth largest in the world at that time.

On that day, thousands of Bosniak men began fleeing the woods, forming a column and hiking about 100km in an attempt to reach the free territory controlled by the Bosnian army.

The journey was known as the march of death, while they were ambushed, taken and attacked by Serb forces. No less than four survived.

Over six days, over 8,000 Bosniaks were killed. Women and young children are expelled.

  Mass Grave Exhumation near Cerska SREBRENICA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - JULY 1996: Mass grave exhumation near Cerska, a year ago the Bosnian Serb army, led by General Ratko Mladic,

a mass grave exhumation site near In Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina [File: Laurent Van der Stockt/ Getty Images]

Stage 10: Denial

In attempting to hide the killings, Serb forces brought dead bodies with bulldozers and trucks and buried them in many places, [19659004] Human bones are located within 20km, making it difficult for families to give their loved ones a proper burial.

According to Al Jazeera Balkans polls from 2018, 66 percent of Serb Serbs Srpska refuse genocide.

The denial of genocide is common in academic and political circles in the Republic of Srpska and Serbia.

Genocide was largely denied by politicians including Milorad Dodik, the current chairman and member of Serbia in the tripartite presidency of Serbia and by the Serbian Prime Minister Ana Brnabic.

"[Denial] is among the strongest indicators of additional genocidal massacres," wrote Stanton

  Pro-Mladic Supporters Showed In Belgrade BELGRADE, SERBIA - MAY 29: Supporters of the Ratko Mladic wave flag her image and reading on Serbian & # 39; heroes of Serbia & # 39; in a rally organized

Mladic supporters show up in Belgrade against the arrest of Ratko Mladic [Srdjan Stevanovic/Getty Images]

Stage 11: Triumphalism

Convicted war According to the 2018 poll, 74 percent of Serbs in the Republic Srpska concerned with Bosnian Serb convicted of criminal criminal Radovan Karadzic, who has committed genocide and war crimes to become a hero.


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